What is an offensive attack in volleyball? Types of attack explained

There are three main types of offense in volleyball: spiking (or tipping) setting, or serving. Spiking is sending the ball over the net with a lot of force. This generally happens after you have received an assist from your team member. It happens very fast so it can be hard to defend against this.

 Tipping is the same but you are trying to surprise your opponent by dropping the ball just behind the net instead of further along the field.

Setting is giving an assist to the player that is going to spike. It is essential that you give a great pass as the hitter has to be able to push the ball over the net and in some instances has to avoid a block.

Serving is restarting the game after you have scored a point. You are standing behind your field and have to get the ball over the net. 

In general, you want to be as close to the net as you can when you attack. This makes it easier to push the ball over the net and gives you more options to surprise the opponent. If you attack from further down the field, you make it harder to get them all over the net and the opposite team can see where the ball is going, making it easier to defend.

If you do the same thing over and over again, your attack will become too predictable. Therefore you have to make sure to switch it up and try different ways to attack the other team. You can use the whole width of the field to launch your attack. Let’s discuss the three main types of offense in detail.

What is an attack spike or hit in volleyball?

A spike is a type of attack where the player is jumping so that he or she can push the ball over the net with a lot of force. This is typically done after you have received an assist. You have to jump so that you can make sure that the ball will go over the net.

This also allows you to push the ball to the ground so that it doesn’t go outside of the court. At first, you might have to do this quite slow. Over time, as you gain more experience with it, you will be able to do it faster. 

You should jump straight up in the air and not forward as this gives you more control over the ball and your movement. You can’t touch the net as the other team will get a point for this. 

Your timing is essential as you can’t jump too early or too late. 

You have to use your whole body, from arms to legs when you perform this attack and it is quite intense to do this. Especially at the end of the match, you start to see that players are making mistakes and they even might smash the ball in the net. If the assist that you receive is bad, it might be difficult to get the ball over the net as you might have to lean forward or backward.

Make sure that you communicate with your team members to make sure that they know where you expect the ball. A few additional inches in either direction can make a big difference in this respect.

Tipping is quite similar to spiking. You just don’t push the ball that far down the field. You can just drop it behind the net to surprise the opponent as they might expect to catch the ball down the court. You can score a lot of points if you switch between tipping and spiking as the other team won’t be able to predict what you are going to do.

If you can use the whole width of the field as well during your attacks, they will have a hard time defending against your attacks. It can give a great feeling when you score. This is often celebrated by the whole team as you have to attack as a team. You can’t do everything on your own in volleyball. 

What is the other attacking skill in volleyball?

We have discussed spiking and tipping before. Now we are going to focus on serving. You have to stand behind your court. You can use the whole width of the field to serve. The ball should go over the net at once. No one of your team should touch the ball.

You have to throw the ball in the air and slam it with your other hand. Some players also jump but this can send the ball too far. You will have to experiment with different angles and see what works for you. 

Let’s see what Jordan Larson has to say about this:

You have different types of serves but the jump serve is one of the most popular as the ball comes at a high velocity. This makes it harder to defend. Players often start by tossing the ball on the floor to calm down and get a feel for the ball. You throw the ball in the air from behind the court and then jump towards the ball. You are allowed to land inside the court but you have to start your jump outside the court. You will have to practice a lot if you want to get it right. You have to aim at a certain part in the field. 

You should make sure that you do your best to score a point as you have control over the match at this point in time. Getting your timing right is essential. 

In volleyball what are 3 offensive volleyball skills?

The three offensive volleyball skills are serving, setting, and spiking. We already discussed serving and spiking before. Let’s take a look at serving. This is often done with an overhand pass. You have to send the ball at the right height and speed. Every hitter (who is going to spike) has their own preferences so the setter has to know this and adjust their pass based on who is going to hit the ball. This can be difficult as the setter might receive a bad pass and he or she still has to be able to do something with this.

The setter is a specific role in the field so some players are specialized in this skill. This already indicates that setting can be quite challenging In some instances, the libero has to take on this role if the setter is not able to do so. Professional volleyball teams attack very fast and a setter has to be able to receive and send a pass in a very short period of time. You have to know where the ball will come from and in what direction you will have to send it.

Who else than Olympic gold medal winner Rachael Adams can explain this in more detail:

To conclude we can state that there are three main attacks in volleyball: serving, spiking and tipping. The goal is to push the ball over the net inside the court of your opponent so that the ball can hit the ground. This means that your team has scored a point and that you are getting closer to winning the set and match.

You might have to practice these skills a lot but it can give a great feeling when you finally score a point against an opponent that is great at defending. The ball can go back and forth a lot and finding a hole in their defense is great.